Hello everyone as you can see I’m at the Franciacorta racetrack and behind me there are two beautiful bikes these are two yamaha r1 2018 with substantial differences one has been loaned to us by the Pedersoli Riding School and it’s an all-road bike, like the one you buy from the dealer the other is the bike of the tecnica moto team prepared for the race. Right now I want to compare these two bikes to analyze the differences between a road bike and a race bike Ok, first of all, let’s clarify what we mean by road and track bike A road bike is a bike you buy at the dealer A race bike is a road bike that is modified to be adapted for the track For track use, components that are not approved for the road are also used The important thing to note is that the changes that can be done are endless so there is not just one type of race bike, but every race bike is different For this video I will take as example the bike I race with inside the motoestate trophy, in the raceattack 1000 category precisely it is a yamaha r1 2018 with about 10,000 euros of equipment I will list the changes in order of importance so I will start from the most common ones to the less common ones and I won’t talk about the tires which are not a component of the bike since they change continuously I believe that many changes that you thought were common, you will realize that the bike with which I run I does not even have them DRIVING POSITION AND CONTROLS The first thing to change is the driving position when driving on the track you make a huge effort, the effort is immense and so it is essential that the rider is comfortable and has full control of the vehicle since every rider is different, because iwegoes from Dani Pedrosa who’s 1.58 meter, to Valentino Rossi who’s 1.83 m the team must be able to modify the bike and adapt it to the rider for this reason the original footboards are removed and the racing ones are put on equipped with many adjustments, in this way, each rider can adapt the position of the footboards to be comfortable with the legs in our bike we use scm footboards, which are high-end racing products scm is also a technical partner of the team and these footboard as you can see have they have a plastic pad which is used to prevent the footplate from touching the asphalt in the event of a fall becoming sharp and edgy, hurting someone, and above all they also avoid that the platform digs furrows in the asphalt when you fall, ruining the track also the saddle is modified according to the rider, for example I am 1.84 meters tall, and I use one that’s very thick to rise my butt and stretch the knee angle because the more you have your legs compressed the more you struggle another fundamental thing that many do not know about regards the handlebars look at the difference between the road bike and the racing bike See? The road handlebars are much more closed while those on the track are much more open Why? because when you drive on the track, as I said before, you make a huge effort so if you drive on bike with the closed handlebars, when braking, it is difficult to unload the weight on the arms instead, if you have more open handlebars you can put a lot of strength on the handlebars moreover, handlebars that are more open make it more agile to drive more easy to push on the handlebar when leaning down or changing directions Moreover, the more you open the handlebars the more you can go forward with the body the more you are more comfortable on the bike so for convenience and performance on the track we tend to open the handlebars a lot now, the road handlebars in addition to the fact that many of them have a block that does not allow them to be opened, this for safety reasons when driving on the road, have also the issue that they do not allow the installation of push-button panels, accessories, therefore the racing handlebars are removed and replaced with racing ones, which aside from being extremely adjustable allow the installation of many additional components and especially in the event of a fall when they break, they can be replaced rapidly often also are installed buttons that allow the rider to change the settings of the bike while driving the key is removed because it’s not necessary on the track and especially to avoid arriving on the day of the race that you can not do the race because you forgot the key at home then the levers are also changed, putting racing levers with many more adjustments and some, such as I, also mount the remote control of the brake lever basically on the left handlebar you have a small wheel that allows you to bring closer or farther the brake lever to modify the lever as you are driving in race motorcycles it is also compulsory to apply the brake para lever which is used to prevent inadvertently gripping the brake lever in case of contact with another driver and to tilt forward. the rapid gas is then also mounted, basically on the track you always go fast, so the rider must continuously make this movement with the accelerator so it is essential to speed up quickly for this reason the throttle control is changed so that it goes from this situation – road – to this racing situation basically to give 100% of gas you have to do a very small gesture this is not used on the road because you can’t go fast and if you put the rapid gas, as you open it the bike will just fly away. Moreover if the bike not have a series A electronic gearbox, it is mounted on the track the electronic gearbox is used to ensure that when the 100% accelerator is used, the gears can be changed without using the clutch Some then also mount the blipper that is used to shift the gears without the clutch Finally, some also modify the tank so that you can stay behind with your back and have a more efficient driving position fairings, covers, and wiring the road fairings cost a lot and in addition to that they have a whole series of things that are not needed on the track, such as trunks, mirrors, arrows, plate holders for this reason the road fairings are replaced with track ones that are either in resin glass or in carbon which lack all those things that you don’t need on the track hence they are lighter and especially when you fall you don’t go breaking all those road components that are very expensive and the rider can paint them as he wishes also remember this golden rule that is always valid on the track: the lighter the vehicle, the faster the vehicle goes so for the track you try to remove as much as possible so you take away all those unnecessary components like the mirrors, headlights and all the wiring that you don’t need, and for example, on my bike we took away over 20kg of unnecessary stuff moreover, especially on racing motorcycles where they are mandatory, you must place the crankcase covers which are needed to protect the crankcase the crankcase are those are those covers that cover the clutch the stator, crankcase covers make sure than if you fall the crankcases don’t break, so the oil doesn’t’ get all over the track Scm takes care of this as well, which is the technical partner of the team, like I said and that supplied all the crankcase covers and also the tank cap you also change the cap of the tank because since you no longer have the key, you could not open it BRAKES In reality, the brakes must be well specified The essential thing to change when going on the track is the brake pipes This is because the road tubes are generally made of rubber that is soft so when you drive on the track you make very strong brakings and this rubber tends to dilate so the braking becomes long and spongy for this reason the rubber pipes are replaced with braided pipes which are tubes with a metallic weft which are much stiffer, much more resistant as far as the brakes are concerned, this depends on the bikes, for example on the r1 we use the standard brakes that are already very performing brakes the only thing that was changed is the pads we put racing brake pads so in general there are few who change the braking system because many championships require the use of standard brakes chain, crown, and pinion On the track are used racing chains designed exclusively for the track, they are lighter chains, more resistant to stress on the track and especially these are chains that allow you to gain more power they last less than the road ones and this is why they are only used on the track moreover, the distance between their holes is smaller than the road’s so you must change also the crown and the pinion Liquids and oils On the track a fundamental thing that many do not do is remove the antifreeze radiator and replace it with normal water this is because the antifreeze liquid is very slippery so if the radiator breaks, the track would be spread with liquid and those behind would go down. moreover, as regards to the engine oil, on the track we use the best performing oils designed specifically for racing EXHAUST The road bikes have many limitations due to consumption, emissions, regulations, noise, which are fundamental on the road but that make you lose power on the track hence on the track the exhaust system is replaced with a racing one, which is much freer, much more open, for example we use sc project, the result that with a racing exhaust the bike is more ready and more powerful and of course the sound is amazing Also often the track exhaust systems are lighter than those of the road CHASSIS One of the fundamental things in race bikes are the suspensions the road suspensions if used on the track have two big problems: the first is that they are designed for the road so designed to cope with bumps, holes so these suspensions in some phases of the race driving do not behave correctly the second is that they have far fewer adjustments than track suspensions and often make operations dismantling, overhauling, and changing the springs difficult which are done continuously throughout the day for this reason racing suspensions are mounted on the race bike specially designed for the track, for example we use the ohlins ttx at the rear and the ohlins nix 30 at the front control unit, electronics and data acquisition On the track especially for those who race and especially for those who run with the 1000, electronics have a fundamental role so it’s important to adjust it at best the standard bikes have basic settings that are fine for the amateur who just wants to have fun but for those who want to compete at certain levels, they are very limited for this reason, the control unit and the electronics are often changed on race bikes for example in our bike we have installed the YEC kit. Moreover the i2m dashboard was also installed What you see here is not a simple dashboard which shows the gears, the lap times, the engine revs, but it is also a data collector basically that dashboard records all the data of the bike thanks to a series of sensors that are scattered all over the place so that the team can then analyze them and understand how to improve the set-up or the rider’s driving and fix any driving mistake ENGINE Especially in high-level races the engine is modified to get more power obviously within the limits imposed by the regulation In our r1 we have a 100% original engine so nothing has been modified all the extra power we have is given simply by the control unit and the drain because that bike has 190HP per wheel, and in the small tracks where we run it’s more than enough we don’t need more power CLUTCH This depends on the bikes last generation bikes have already standard clutches that are exceptional, the older bikes instead have clutches a little less performing and often anti-hopping clutches are installed on race bikes in practice they are clutches that when you exaggerate in shifting, so you shift too rapidly they prevent the rear wheel from blocking, and avoid that it starts to jump there are even clutches where you can do first 6th, let go the clutch and the rear wheel does not block does not do over revs, but the clutch holds it all together RIM The rims when they rotate create the so-called gyroscopic effect, it’s a very complex subject but in practice the more you go faster, the more the rims stabilize the bike the problem is that this stabilization makes the bike very complex and slow to move the heavier the rims the stronger this stabilization is basically, if I’m going straight at 300km/hr and the rims are very heavy, the bike is very stable, but that means I’ll struggle a lot to bring it down so the lighter the rims, the more the bike is agile and fast let’s say that today’s standard rims are very light, so for example on the r1 we have the standard rims RADIATOR Finally, some also modify the radiator by putting a bigger one that allows the engine to cool more efficiently we use the standard one that’s all. I hope you enjoyed this comparison between road and race bike among other things, when I was in Misano for the superbike they explained to me how the superbike r1 is made so in the Misano video you’ll find a special, where we’ll compare the r1 superbike and my race r1 put a like, leave a comment, and subscribe to the Youtube channel. Bye Bye!